NATSILS wishes to thank the Senate for the opportunity to provide input into this inquiry. As a result of NATSILS area of expertise, this submission only discusses the terms of reference in relation to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. NATSILS acknowledges that the topic of this inquiry affects many communities in Australia, particularly those who are socioeconomically marginalised, however, as will be highlighted the issues discussed are particularly severe in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.